[From the Author of “Poems by Kolki – Absolutely Humane”, “Real Path To 9/11” & “Sayings of Kolki”]

 

East India Company – Agency – Colonization and Cruel Partitioning of India

Swedish East India Company - http://gotheborg.com/dest/soic.shtml

In 1731 a Swedish East India Company was founded inheriting most of its know-how from the Austrian "Ostende" company.

Colonial India

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colin_Campbell_(Swedish_East_India_Company)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swedish_East_India_Company

http://gotheborg.com/dest/index_dest.htm

http://www.swaen.com/trade.html

 

Colonial India

Portuguese India

1510–1961

Dutch India

1605–1825

Danish India

1620–1869

French India

1759–1954

British India 1613–1947

East India Company

1612–1757

Company rule in India

1757–1857

British Raj

1858–1947

British rule in Burma

1824–1867

Princely states

1765–1947

Partition of India

1947

 

Partition:

The Partition of India (Some critics allege that British haste led to the cruelties of the Partition)

(At the lowest estimate, half a million people perished and twelve million became homeless)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partition_of_India

All Muslim political parties including the Khaksar Tehrik of Allama Mashriqi opposed the partition of India[4] Mashriqi was arrested on 19 March 1940.

Hindu organizations such as the Hindu Mahasabha, though against the division of the country, were also insisting on the same chasm between Hindus and Muslims. In 1937 at the 19th session of the Hindu Mahasabha held at Ahmedabad, Veer Savarkar (Divider) in his presidential address asserted:[5]

“

India cannot be assumed today to be Unitarian and homogeneous nation, but on the contrary there are two nations in the main — the Hindus and the Muslims.

Most of the Congress leaders were secularists and resolutely opposed the division of India on the lines of religion. Mohandas Gandhi and Allama Mashriqi believed that Hindus and Muslims could and should live in amity. Gandhi opposed the partition, saying,

“

My whole soul rebels against the idea that Hinduism and Islam represent two antagonistic cultures and doctrines. To assent to such a doctrine is for me a denial of God.

The British Colonial Administration consisted of Secretary of State for India, the India Office, the Governor-General of India, and the Indian Civil Service. The British were in favour of keeping the area united. The 1946 Cabinet Mission was sent to try and reach a compromise between Congress and the Muslim League. A compromise proposing a decentralized state with much power given to local governments won initial acceptance, but Nehru was unwilling to accept such a decentralized state and Jinnah soon returned to demanding an independent Pakistan.[7]

Some critics allege that British haste led to the cruelties of the Partition.[15] Because independence was declared prior to the actual Partition, it was up to the new governments of India and Pakistan to keep public order. No large population movements were contemplated; the plan called for safeguards for minorities on both sides of the new border. It was a task at which both states failed. There was a complete breakdown of law and order; many died in riots, massacre, or just from the hardships of their flight to safety. What ensued was one of the largest population movements in recorded history. According to Richard Symonds[16]

 

“

at the lowest estimate, half a million people perished and twelve million became homeless

 

Conservative elements in England consider the partition of India to be the moment that the British Empire ceased to be a world power, following Curzon's dictum that "While we hold on to India, we are a first-rate power. If we lose India, we will decline to a third-rate power."

 

Is India a Sovereign State or still possessed by Colonizers exploiting Native’s Loyalty?

 

As Indians celebrate another Independence Day, all Indians around the world must ask themselves what they gain when secretive loyal RBI and PMO give away hard earned Gold Reserve to former British and European colonialists for the benefit of their Financial Institutions based in England and Switzerland (owning covert corrupt Swiss Bank)! Ever wondered why Indian Economy is slowing down since then?  How India can have bi-lateral trades with USA as democracy when few loyal politicians and bankers donate (265.49 tonnes) India’s sovereign savings to United European-British Royalty to strengthen their economy ignoring Indian sufferings? Isn’t it worse than British India exporting wheat during 1943 massive famine? India must Re-Write 1935 British Constitution and 1934 Reserve Bank Act to reflect contemporary society starving for secular equal humane rights with pride in sovereignty, guaranteeing good jobs, health and democratic security! Food for thought from Kolki!

 

Poems: Bindustan        Asian Union        Religion             Article: Why Bindustan?

 

Easy Methodology To End Constitutional Monarchies Peacefully in the West To Save And Maintain Democracies Around The World!