Go back to Voting Machine Webpage
RAW NOTES ON: VOTING SYSTEMS ORGS AND COMPANIES
privatizing, monopolizing, & politicizing the voting process... around the world
(not all the information on this page has been updated)
The voting technology business is dominated by Republican-leaning U.S. and foreign corporations. Today, two Republican-controlled corporations, Election Systems and Software ( ES&S) and Diebold Voting Systems, and a British-based company, Sequoia, control about 80% of the vote count in the U.S.. But many other corporations are also involved in the elections industry (see below). Meanwhile, the long history of election upsets due to voting machine "glitches", that overwhelmingly favor Republican candidates, continues to grow. See:http://www.ecotalk.org/VotingMachineErrors.htm
Will future elections feature The Battle of the Backdoors to voting software? Military defense contractors that also provide election services include: Accenture (a business partner of Halliburton, also a defense contractor), Diebold Voting Systems, Northrop Grumman/Diversified Dynamics/TRW (partners with Science Applications International Corporation, SAIC, also in defense industry), General Dynamics/Computing Devices Canada, Unisys (partners with ES&S), National Semiconductor Corporation, Hart Intercivic, Booz-Allen & Hamilton, and Perot Systems Government Services, Inc..Government Oversight: There is no federal agency that has regulatory authority over the elections industry according to Brian Hancock, spokesperson for the Federal Election Commission (FEC), and Jorge Martinez, spokesperson for the Department of Justice (DOJ). No agency or organization even has a complete list of voting machine companies. Using a rough estimate, there are about 70 voting machine companies worldwide, with at least 48 based in the U.S.. The FEC lists only 19, the Texas-based National Association of State Election Directors (NASED) lists 16 that are 'industry certified' (which are outmoded and voluntary guidelines), while the IFES Buyers Guide lists about 64 companies worldwide that appear to be engaged in electronic voting. Meanwhile there is one company that is 'flying under the radar' of both the FEC and NASED, that is the Bermuda-based Accenture (formally Andersen Consulting) that has the contract for the online military vote in 2004.
Ownership: There are no government standards or restrictions on who can sell and service voting machines and systems. Foreigners, convicted criminals, office holders, political candidates, and news media organizations can and do own these companies. It appears that these companies are dominated by members of the Republican Party and foreign investors. Jack Kemp, a former GOP candidate for vice president in 1996 and a possible candidate for Governor of California this year, is on the board of directors for Election.com, while Senator Chuck Hagel (R-NE) was the past president of the company (AIS) that counted the votes in his first election and an investor in the company (ES&S) that counted the votes in his second election. At least four companies are foreign-owned: Sequoia (UK), Accenture/Election.com (UK Bermuda), EVS (Japan), and N.V. Nederlandsche Apparatenfabriek (Netherlands). Election.com was formerly owned by Osan, Ltd., a Saudi Arabian firm. Many voting machine companies appear to share managers, investors, and equipment which raises questions of conflict-of-interest and monopolistic practices.
NOTES & LINKS
ORGANIZATIONS / COMPANY LISTS
(Note: I have found no complete list of vendors, lists must be cross-checked)
The IFES http://www.ifes.org/ worldwide Buyer's Guide http://www.ifesbuyersguide.org/ for voting equipment - largest list of companies (approx 100 vendors - around 64 appear to offer electronic election services, but list does not include several vendors on FEC list. Read more about IFES below. (This was the old url for the Buyer's Guide - http://www.ifesbuyersguide.org/detailtest.php?title=Regions&subtitle=Middle_East)
/ see Aug 27, 03: Internet Voting - The End of Democracy?
The voting systems companies listed below seem to be in a constant state of changed names and/or ownership. Editor welcomes leads. Send to email@example.com
- election Systems and Software
- election Systems and Software
To better appreciate the scope of the corporate
takeover of the democratic process, here is Unisys's description
of itself in the IFES Buyers Guide, "Unisys has successfully implemented
national voter registration, identification, and integrated electronic election
systems for Brazil (100 million registered voters), South Africa (20 million),
Malaysia (10 million), Dominican Republic (4 million), Costa Rica (2 million),
and Panama (2 million). Unisys has also successfully implemented Internet-based
election results real-time reporting systems for Rome, Italy and for the State
of Minnesota. In partnership
with Election Systems and Software (ES&S), Unisys has
successfully implemented in the United Kingdom multi-channel voting pilot test
systems -including touch-screen voting, kiosk voting, postal voting, Internet
voting, telephone voting, and digital television voting. Unisys has offices in
more than 100 countries." http://www.ifesbuyersguide.org/detailtest.php?title=Regions&subtitle=Middle_East
DIEBOLD ELECTION SYSTEMS, INC (military defense contractor) http://www.diebold.com/solutions/election/default.htm
also check out - http://www.scoop.co.nz/mason/features/?s=usacoup this website has most of Bev Harris stuff on Diebold.
Article: November 2002: The face of modern ballot tampering by Faun Otter http://www.bartcop.com/diebold.htm
Felons at Diebold:
MCKINNEY, Texas--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Jan. 24, 2001GLOBAL ELECTION SYSTEMS INC. (TSE:GLE.) Global to be the only U.S. publicly traded company solely focused on high-tech voting systems. Based in McKinney, Texas and founded in 1991, Global has steadily grown its market share in the voting systems industry. During the 2000 U.S. presidential election, over 14,000 of Global's AccuVote(TM) optical scan and touch screen voting systems were successfully used in 850 voting jurisdictions across the country. This is a very important day for our company," said Bob Urosevich, Global President. "For the first time U.S. investors can readily buy shares in Global Election Systems, a company that has successfully increased its market share in the elections industry by becoming an expert in local voting regulations that govern elections in the U.S.
Owners & staff: (Heavy Shoup influence. Unclear whether Van Pelt and Ensminger listed below are with BOTH Global and Shoup-Advanced Voting Solutions)
Bob Urosevich, president, Diebold Election Systems, Inc, founded ES&S with brother Todd.
Bob's brother Todd Urosevich is Vice President, Aftermarket Sales of ES&S
Bob also founder of Data Mark in 1979, which became American Information System, which bought part of Business Records Crop to become ES&S
also with Canada-based Global Election Systems (1991) http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/Towers/2256/history.htm
Howard Van Pelt was with Canada-based Global Election Systems http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/Towers/2256/history.htm, now president of Shoup Voting Solutions http://www.fec.gov/pages/vendorslist.htm / Formerly with Computer Election Systems (formed by 4 IBM salesmen. "But Anderson said he finds unacceptable Shoup president Howard Van Pelt's proposal to use a company owned by his wife as a minority contractor to satisfy the county's 20 percent minority participation goal. Anderson wants to see a financial statement of the company, founded in 1895 but purchased by a group of investors a year ago." http://www.clarionledger.com/news/0201/28/m06.html
Larry Ensminger was also with Global http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/Towers/2256/history.htm. Now with Shoup Voting Solutions http://www.dougbedell.com/voting.html / http://www.accessatlanta.com/ajc/metro/spotlight/2002/042202.html / also formerly with Computer Election Systems which became?
WHO COUNTS THE VOTES?
SEQUOIA VOTING SYSTEMS INC. http://www.sequoiavote.com/homePage.phpNews:
? % of U.S. vote count: According to its website, Sequoia technicians "managed thousands of electronic elections for 14 years in 16 states." http://www.sequoiavote.com/aboutSequoia.php
Company description: Full service. "Through its nationwide network of offices, Sequoia has equipped and supported elections in thousands of jurisdictions - with populations ranging from a few hundred voters to over three million." http://www.sequoiavote.com/aboutSequoia.php
Ownership: 85% De La Rue http://www.delarue.com/ 15% Jefferson Smurfit Group http://www.smurfit.ie/ / source: http://moneyextra.uk-wire.com/cgi-bin/articles/200205290701145655W.html
"De La Rue (London, UK) is the world 's largest commercial security printer and papermaker, involved in the production of over 150 national currencies and a wide range of security documents such as travellers cheques and vouchers. Employing almost 7,000 people across 31 countries, the company is also a leading provider of cash handling equipment and software solutions to banks and retailers worldwide helping them to reduce the cost of handling cash. We are also pioneering new technologies including tailored solutions to protect the world 's brands through to government identity solutions in secure passports, identity cards and driver 's licences. De La Rue has a 20% shareholding in Camelot - the operator of the UK National Lottery." source: http://www.delarue.com/about/ http://moneyextra.uk-wire.com/cgi-bin/articles/200205290701145655W.html
1995 SEC litigation: SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION v. SEQUOIA SYSTEMS, INC., GABRIEL P. FUSCO, KENT R. ALLEN, KEITH D. JOHNSON, AND EDWIN J. HUDSON, JR., Civil Action No. 95-0321 (D.D.C. February 16, 1995). "The Complaint, filed on February 16, 1995, alleges that Hudson, a former Sequoia salesman, together with three former officers of Sequoia, engaged in a fraudulent scheme to inflate the revenue and pre-tax income reported by Sequoia in its periodic and annual reports and financial statements that were publicly disseminated and filed with the Commission. Sequoia is a Nasdaq-listed company headquartered in Marlborough, Massachusetts, engaged in the design, manufacture and service of fault-tolerant computer systems. Specifically, the Complaint alleges that Sequoia made materially false and misleading statements in all but one of its quarterly reports filed with the Commission during fiscal 1991 and 1992, as well as in its 1991 and 1992 annual reports. Sequoia recognized and recorded sales revenue notwithstanding the fact that the consummation of the sales transactions and Sequoia's receipt of payment for its products were contingent upon future events, or in circumstances where there was no binding sales contract." http://www.sec.gov/litigation/litreleases/lr14726.txt
The Big Louisiana Election Scandal of 1999-?: Sequoia has been plagued by scandal. And it has some of the earmarks of an outrun run by organized crime. In 1996 right wing Republican Woody Jenkins lost to (increasingly conservative) Democrat Mary Landrieu for U.S. Senate seat. Jenkin's investigation led to federal charges of bribery of election officials. Sequoia Pacific’s Regional Manager, Phil Foster, and their regional sales executive, Pasquale (Rocco) Ricci (also owner of New Jersey-based Independent Electec, Inc. was also involved. Fowler may have paid as much as $8 million more than required to buy machines, parts and maintenance services from Pasquale Ricci and David Machine Services), were indicted for paying out about $8 million in bribes to Louisiana Commissioner of Elections Jerry Fowler. Glenn Boord and Ralph Escudero, also involved, owned Uni-lect, which was associated with Sequoia Pacific. They pled guilty to conspiracy to compound a felony. According to Asst. Dist. Atty. Sandra Reber, "Foster’s hands-on involvement was Foster's recruitment of his own brother-in-law, Donald Philpot of Birmingham, Alabama, (owner of Election Services Inc.) to help launder the kickbacks." J. Herbert Webb, president of . In all, 22 people were indicted on charges related to a department whose primary responsibility is warehousing and maintaining the state's machines. Nine have pleaded guilty. Ricci, amazingly, got a one year home detention. Fowler got over 50 months in prison. Sources:http://www.cnn.com/2000/ALLPOLITICS/stories/11/27/fowlertrial.ap/ / http://www.madcowprod.com/intro.htm / http://www.securepoll.com/Archives/Archive47.htm / http://www.whoseflorida.com/voting_machines.htm http://sanfrancisco.bizjournals.com/sanfrancisco/stories/2001/11/19/story4.html /
DANAHER'S GUARDIAN http://www.controls-online.com/gvs / http://www.danaher.com/business/niche_division.asp?key=36
Mitchell P. Rales, Chairman of Executive Committee
USA Today - 400 richest Americans (each worth $1.3 billion) http://www.usatoday.com/life/cyber/tech/cti562a.htm
Jack Andersen wrote, "In the summer of 1988, a pair of corporate raiders out of Washington, D.C., brothers http://www.politicalindex.com/wrong1.htmand Mitchell P. , targeted Interco for takeover, offering to buy the company for $64 a share, or $2.4 billion. To fend off the Raleses, Interco's management turned to Wasserstein Perella, which came up with a plan valued at $76 a share. Interco obviously did not have that kind of cash lying around. So the plan called for the company to borrow $2.9 billion."
Mitchell P. Rales & appear to own PAR Broadcasting Company, Inc., http://220.127.116.11/fril/1996/19960312/96-5873.txt / http://www.parbroadcastgroup.com/index.html PAR switched to Citicaster http://www.fcc.gov/Bureaus/Mass_Media/Public_Notices/Brdcst_Actions/ac970304.txt Although was acquired by Jacor, which then was bought by Clear Channel, http://www.clearchannel.com/wld_exe.php, the (3) name remains on the license.) Clear Channel is owned by the Mays brothers http://www.insideradio.com/survivor/bios.shtml
Steven and Mitchell sit on board of Imo Industries, "..a multinational manufacturer of a broad range of industrial products operates through five segments - power transmission, pumps, instrumentation, morse controls and roltra-morse. The power transmission segment designs and manufactures electronic adjustable-speed motor drives, gears and speed reducers. The pumps segment makes a broad range of rotary pumps, including a proprietary line of two and three-screw pumps. The morse controls segment manufactures push-pull cable and remote control systems." ?? 609 8967600 / http://www.business.com/directory/automotive/parts_and_equipment/imo_industries_inc/profile/ IMO, INDUSTRIES INC., Lawrenceville, New Jersey and England, is a leader in selected markets for analytical and optical instruments, electronic and mechanical controls, engineered power products and related support services. Imo is an international company with approximately $1 billion in revenues. http://www.mertz.com/tombstones/33.shtml I.M.O. Industries, Inc., as successor to and formerly known as Delaval Turbine, Transamerica Delaval and IMO Delaval http://www.mesotheli.com/david.htm (not quite sure this is all the same company)
Equity Group Holdings is a private equity firm led by Steven M. Rales and Mitchell P. Rales, a Curl Corporation Board member. http://www.curl.com/html/about/investors.jsp
Danaher Controls http://www.dancon.com/index.sht "owned by the Danaher Corporation, a Fortune-500 company (NYSE - DHR), Danaher Controls was formed through the merger of the Veeder-Root Company -- the best known name in counting, the Dynapar Corporation -- the motion control specialists, and Eagle Signal Controls -- the premier name in timing."
HARBOR FINANCE PARTNERS v DANAHER CORP http://www.legalcasedocs.com/120/240/782.html
ADVANCED VOTING SOLUTIONS INC / SHOUP VOTING SOLUTIONS http://www.advancedvoting.com// http://www.shoupvote.com/
One of the most widely used direct recording machines is called the "Shouptronic" named for its company, R.F. Shoup. The president of that company, http://dispatches.phoblacht.net/archive/dispatch220.htmII, was convicted in 1979 of conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to an FBI inquiry into a lever machine-counted election in Philadelphia. According to Hopsicker, Shoup got a three year suspended sentence.
Officers of Philadelphia-based Shoup Voting Machine Co. were indicted for allegedly bribing politicians in Tampa, Fla. in 1971, according to published reports. http://sanfrancisco.bizjournals.com/sanfrancisco/stories/2001/11/19/story4.html
Company seems to be still operating under the name of Shoup Voting Solutions. http://www.securepoll.com/Archives/Archive80.htm
Strong Diebold/Global Election Systems connection, almost entire management team (see below) came from Global Election Systems - now Diebold. source: mailto:%firstname.lastname@example.org:
Other election systems companies:
Accenture & Election.com (military defense contractor) (June 2003 - http://www.election.com/ purchased by http://www.accenture.com/)
As mentioned in the following article, Accenture also has a business relationship with Hart Intercivic of Austin, Texas http://www.hartintercivic.com/default.asp - http://www.ajc.com/metro/content/metro/spotlight/2002/042202.html
Partners with ES&S, Dell, and Microsoft - see below
Special to ZDNet January 10, 2001, 4:00 PM PT http://zdnet.com.com/2100-11-527091.html?legacy=zdnn
Northrop Grumman/Diversified Dynamics' iPaper (military defense contractor) http://www.northropgrumman.com/
Oct. 30, 2002 NORTHROP GRUMMAN ENTERS NEW MARKET WITH INNOVATIVE ELECTION SYSTEMS AND SERVICES HERNDON, Va. -- -- Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) announced today that the company has entered the worldwide electronic election services market by signing an agreement with iPaper, LLC, Richmond, Va., to exclusively license and manufacture iPaper's electronic voting systems. Northrop Grumman's Information Technology (IT) and Electronic Systems sectors will develop and market high-tech election systems, addressing a critical need for fully integrated, dependable and affordable voting systems throughout voting precincts in the United States. Northrop Grumman selected the iPaper solution following a comprehensive evaluation of available technologies and systems. http://www.it.northropgrumman.com/news/news_releases/ng021030.html
TRW (military defense contractor) Voting business? sketchy info
"A year ago the Electoral Advisory Committee (EAC) named the US technology company, Cogent Inc, as its preferred bidder to develop Jamaica's proposed computerised http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/news/html/20021106T230000-0500_34776_OBS_FINGERPRINT_PILOT_FOR_PARISH_COUNCIL_VOTE.aspsystem in which an elector's fingerprint would be matched from the existing database before the automatic delivery of ballots. Cogent, another American firm Inc., and the French firm, Sagem, in March last year competed to provide the system, based on configurations for which the EAC holds a US patent, and displayed their fingerprinting matching capabilities at demonstrations in Kingston."
News article: Northrop Grumman bought TRW in 2002 after the Carlyle Group suddenly backed out. http://www.webprowire.com/summaries/333626.html / http://www.ventureeconomics.com/buy/protected/1031550851830.html
More on TRW, Vinnell, and the Carlyle Group (all three are military defense contractors) http://www.publicintegrity.org/pns/db.aspx?act=cinfo&coid=004179453
Jamaica Observer "A year ago the Electoral Advisory Committee (EAC) named the US technology company, Cogent Inc, as its preferred bidder to develop Jamaica's proposed computerised http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/news/html/20021106T230000-0500_34776_OBS_FINGERPRINT_PILOT_FOR_PARISH_COUNCIL_VOTE.aspsystem in which an elector's fingerprint would be matched from the existing database before the automatic delivery of ballots. Cogent, another American firm Inc., and the French firm, Sagem, in March last year competed to provide the system, based on configurations for which the EAC holds a US patent, and displayed their fingerprinting matching capabilities at demonstrations in Kingston."
, Inc - A Global Elections Technology Company is the leading worldwide supplier of secure technology.
"VoteHere is a pioneer in developing secure e-voting technology that simplifies the election process, while adding increased security and reliability over traditional voting methods. Additionally, the cost of the election and voter appeal are equal considerations in adopting new election methods."
BELLEVUE, Wash. – Jan. 30, 2002 – VoteHere announces standards for
qualifying remote voting
technology. VoteHere, the industry leader in secure technology and software
for electronic and online voting systems, announced today that it has released a
draft of voting system standards suitable for voting on electronic network
devices including wireless phones, Internet-connected PCs, televisions, and
Admiral Bill Owens, Chairman "Admiral Bill Owens serves as the Company's Chairman. Currently, Bill Owens is Co-CEO and Vice Chairman of Teledesic, a global broadband networking company. Previously, he was President, Chief Operating Officer and Vice Chairman of Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), the nation’s largest employee-owned high-technology company. During his distinguished military career, Bill Owens held the rank of four-star Admiral in the US Navy and served as Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He also served as the deputy chief of Naval Operations for Resources, Warfare Requirements and Assessments, commander of the US Sixth Fleet, senior military assistant to Secretaries of Defense Frank Carlucci and Dick Cheney and director of the Office of Program Appraisal for the Secretary of the Navy."
Dr. Robert Gates "Dr. Robert Gates has 27 years experience as an intelligence professional for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), including serving as Director of Central Intelligence from November 1991 until January 1993. Currently, Dr. Gates is the Dean of the Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University, a position he has held since 1999." (Editor's note: Dr. Gates is also on the Board of TRW, which owns Cogent, another voting machine company - see above. July 25, 03 - it was just reported on MSNBC by Andrea Mitchell that Robert Gates was with the CIA and NSA (National Security Agency)>
Advisor - Robert G. Wolfe, General Partner, Northwest Venture Associates "Robert Wolfe brings 25 years of finance, operations and technology management experience to the VoteHere team. He is currently a General Partner with Northwest Venture Associates (NWVA), the largest venture capital fund exclusively invested in Pacific Northwest-based companies, where he previously served as Entrepreneur in Residence and Advisory Board Member. Most recently, Mr. Wolfe served as President and COO of GT Group Telecom, Canada's largest independent, facilities-based telecommunications provider, where he grew revenue from under C$2 million to C$250 million (annual rate) and closed several key acquisitions. He drove multiple financings over C$2 billion, including the company's initial public offering on NASDAQ and the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSE 300). Mr. Wolfe was also CFO of Trillium Corporation, a global investment firm with real estate and forestry interests, where he oversaw the firm's investment portfolio and financial strategies, including technology, retail, media and venture funds.Mr. Wolfe has also held several senior positions with The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. (NYSE: GS) in Asia, Europe and the US, where he provided investment-banking services for non-Japan Asia and European financial institutions. His efforts led to the first Euroyen auto-backed financing, overseeing mortgage- and asset-backed securities finance and assisting in the development of Fannie Mae's multi-billion dollar callable debt program."
Advisor - Deborah Brunton, Vice President, Public Affairs - "Deborah Brunton comes to VoteHere from the Microsoft Corporation, where she held the position of Director of State Government Affairs in the Law and Corporate Affairs department. In this role, she was responsible for a program focused on issue advocacy, policy development, relationship building and industry affairs management. From 1989 to 1993, she also served as Press Secretary for United States Senator Slade Gorton. Ms. Brunton received her Bachelor of Arts in History from Whitman College."
UniLect Corporation http://www.unilect.com/
Note: According to reporter Daniel Hopsicker, Glenn Boord and Ralph Escudero owned a now-defunct voting-machine company, Uni-lect, associated with Sequoia Pacific. Is it defunct? source: http://www.madcowprod.com/II.htm
"UniLect Corporation, headquartered in Dublin, California, was founded in 1989 to serve the large government election industry in the United States, Canada, and to a lesser degree, internationally. UniLect is a development, sales, manufacturing, installation and support corporation for its election products. Each of these products involves state-of-the-art hardware and software, including voting equipment and systems, required or desired by state, county, city, and town governments. The President of UniLect Corporation is Jack Gerbel, who has been actively involved in the election equipment industry since 1965. His career began in elections with IBM Corporation and then as a founder, Vice-President and Board of Directors member of Computer Election Systems (CES), which at the time of its sale was the largest election equipment company in the world. Mr. Gerbel had at that time the distinction of personally selling and installing more successful election systems than any other person in the U.S. Two major accounts that he sold and successfully installed were Cook County, Illinois and the City of Chicago. Upon the sale of CES, Mr. Gerbel became Vice-President of Sales for Business Records Corporation (BRC), including new product development. He has become nationally known for his expertise in the election industry and has been called upon to consult on various election projects."
military defense contractor - http://www.publicintegrity.org/pns/db.aspx?act=cinfo&coid=006928857
Jan 4, 02 - "The Pentagon
General Dynamics' Computing Devices Canada (military defense contractor) http://www.publicintegrity.org/pns/db.aspx?act=cinfo&coid=001381284
"David Hart, chairman of Hart InterCivic, said that because of the business he's in he doesn't contribute. A major investor in Hart InterCivic is Tom Hicks's investment firm, Stratford Capital Partners. Hicks was in the group of investors who bought the Texas Rangers from Bush and others for nearly three times their investment in it. Hicks has also been a lavish donor to Bush campaigns." Source: U.S. Election 2004: How the Republicans Can 'Decide' the Vote by Ronnie Dugger Released: 3 Aug 2004 http://www.agenceglobal.com/Article.asp?Id=197
READ MORE -October 20, 2004—As if Bush's sale of his $606,000 share of Texas Rangers stock to owner Tom Hicks for $15 million wasn't enough, there's more from deep in the heart of Texas to nail the good old boy, namely the possibility of tax evasion. That is, Bush declared the proceeds as a long-term capital gain, which it wasn't, as opposed to ordinary income, which it was. This means Bush paid at the capital gains' rate of 20 percent as opposed to the ordinary income rate of 39.6 percent. Beating the IRS out of nearly 20 percent in additional taxes. But the fun doesn't stop there.... http://www.onlinejournal.com/Special_Reports/102404Mazza/102404mazza.html
eSlate was developed by Neil McClure, the founder (in 1996) of
Worldwide Election Systems, which was aquired by Hart InterCivic in 1999.
Aug. 15, 2003, 11:55PM Hart InterCivic, together with MAXIMUS, NCR Corporation and
(c) 2003 Business Wire. AUSTIN, Texas--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Aug. 14, 2003-- found in google cache http://18.104.22.168
Corporation (ESC) http://www.electionservicescorp.com/
is the Internet voting company and Democratic bad boy Tony Coelho is on their
board. This is a little unusual in a business dominated by the
Republican and foreign corporations. Tony "was a six-term congressman
and House majority whip, who resigned from Congress after reports surfaced that
he had accepted a sweetheart loan from a troubled S&L operator. The loan
helped Coelho buy a $100,000 junk bond, but he never reported it on his
government disclosure form. The Justice Department decided not to bring charges
against him," according to Slate.msn.com. He was also
investigated by the State Department when he was Al Gore's campaign
manager for the 2000 presidential election. The investigation was
reportedly related to his work as the commissioner general of the United States
Pavilion at the 1998 World Expo. As a result, Tony resigned as Gore's campaign
Avante http://www.avantetech.com/ or http://www.aitechnology.com/avantetech/homepage.htm sister company AIT has representatives in England, France, and offices in Hong Kong and Shenzhen, China.
Populex a voting systems company that is reportedly creating the electronic voting system for Illinois, has on its advisory board, Frank C. Carlucci, Chairman Emeritus, The Carlyle Group, former Secretary of Defense and Advisor to the President for National Security Affairs, and business partner of former President George H.W. Bush
Proof of Ohio Election Fraud Exposed
By William Rivers Pitt
t r u t h o u t | Report
Wednesday 15 December 2004
Among activists and investigators looking into allegations of vote fraud in the 2004 Presidential election, the company always mentioned was Diebold and its suspicious electronic touch-screen voting machines. It is Diebold that has multiple avowed Republicans on its Board of Directors. It was Diebold that gave hundreds of thousands of dollars to Bush’s election campaign. It was Diebold CEO Walden O’Dell who vowed to deliver Ohio’s electoral votes to Bush.
As it turns out, everyone was looking the wrong way. The company that requires immediate and penetrating scrutiny is Triad Systems.
Triad is owned by a man named Tod Rapp, who has also donated money to both the Republican Party and the election campaign of George W. Bush. Triad manufactures punch-card voting systems, and also wrote the computer program that tallied the punch-card votes cast in 41 Ohio counties last November. This Triad company graphic displays the counties where their machines are used:
Given the ubiquity of the Triad voting systems in Ohio, the allegations that have been leveled against this company strike to the heart of the assumed result of the 2004 election.
Earlier this week, the allegations against triad were first raised by Green Party candidate David Cobb, who testified at a hearing held in Columbus, Ohio by Rep. John Conyers of the House Judiciary Committee. In his testimony, Cobb stated:
Mr. Chairman, though our time is limited, I must bring to the committee's attention the most recent and perhaps most troubling incident that was related to my campaign on Sunday, December 12, about a shocking event that occurred last Friday, December 10.
A representative from Triad Systems came into a county board of elections office un-announced. He said he was just stopping by to see if they had any questions about the up-coming recount. He then headed into the back room where the Triad supplied Tabulator (a card reader and older PC with custom software) is kept. He told them there was a problem and the system had a bad battery and had "lost all of its data". He then took the computer apart and started swapping parts in and out of it and another "spare" tower type PC also in the room. He may have had spare parts in his coat as one of the BOE people moved it and remarked as to how very heavy it was. He finally re-assembled everything and said it was working but to not turn it off.
He then asked which precinct would be counted for the 3% recount test, and the one which had been selected as it had the right number of votes, was relayed to him. He then went back and did something else to the tabulator computer.
The Triad Systems representative suggested that since the hand count had to match the machine count exactly, and since it would be hard to memorize the several numbers which would be needed to get the count to come out exactly right, that they should post this series of numbers on the wall where they would not be noticed by observers. He suggested making them look like employee information or something similar. The people doing the hand count could then just report these numbers no matter what the actual count of the ballots revealed. This would then "match" the tabulator report for this precinct exactly. The numbers were apparently the final certified counts for the selected precinct.
Triad is contracted to do much of the elections work in this county and elsewhere in Ohio. This included programming the candidates into the tabulator, and coming up with the rotation of candidates in the various precincts (that is, the order of which candidate is first changes between precincts). They also have a technician in the office on election night to actually run the tabulator itself.
Triad also supplies the network computers on which all of the voter registration information and processing is kept for the county.
It was unusual for the computers to be taken apart. At least one member of the Board of Elections was told the tabulator was in pieces when he called to check on the office.
The source of this report believes that the Triad representative was "making the rounds" of visiting other counties also before the recount. This person also stated they would not pass on the suggestion of the "posted" hidden totals, and would refuse to go along with it if it were suggested by the others in the office at the time.
The source of this information believes they could lose their job if they come forward.
The source of this information is named Sherole Eaton, Hocking County deputy director of elections. She has since written and signed an affidavit describing her experience with the Triad representative, the text of which is here:
Go to Original
December 13, 2004
Re: General Election 2004 - Hocking County, TriAd
Dell Computer about 14 years old - No tower
On Friday, December 10 2004, Michael from TriAd called in the AM to inform us that he would be in our office in the PM on the same day. I asked him why he was visiting us. He said, "to check out your tabulator, computer, and that the attorneys will be asking some tricky questions and he wanted to go over some of the questions they maybe ask." He also added that there would be no charge for this service.
He arrived at about 12:30PM. I hung his coat up and it was very heavy. I made a comment about it being so heavy. He, Lisa Schwartze and I chatted for a few minutes. He proceeded to go to the room where our computer and tabulation machine is kept. I followed him into the room. I had my back to him when he turned the computer on. He stated that the computer was not coming up. I did see some commands at the lower left hand of the screen but no menu. He said that the battery in the computer was dead and that the stored information was gone. He said that he could put a patch on it and fix it. My main concern was - what if this happened when we were ready to do the recount. He proceeded to take the computer apart and call his offices to get information to input into our computer. Our computer is fourteen years old and as far as I know had always worked in the past. I asked him if the older computer, that is in the same room. could be used for the recount. I don't remember exactly what he said but I did relay to him that the computer was old and a spare. At some point he asked if he could take the spare computer apart and I said "yes". He took both computers apart. I don't remember seeing any tools and he asked Sue Wallace, Clerk, for a screwdriver. She got it for him. At this point I was frustrated about the computer not performing and feared that it wouldn't work for the recount. I called Gerald Robinette, board chairman, to inform him regarding the computer problem and asked him if we could have Tri Ad come to our offices to run the program and tabulator for the recount. Gerald talked on the phone with Michael and Michael assured Gerald that he could fix our computer. He worked on the computer until about 3:00 PM and then asked me which precinct and the number of the precinct we were going to count. I told him, Good Hope 1 # 17. He went back into the tabulation room. Shortly after that he (illegible) stated that the computer was ready for the recount and told us not to turn the computer off so it would charge up.
Before Lisa ran the tests, Michael said to turn the computer off. Lisa said, " I thought you said we weren't supposed to turn it off." He said turn it off and right back on and it should come up. It did come up and Lisa ran the tests. Michael gave us instructions on how to explain the rotarien, what the tests mean, etc. No advice on how to handle the attorneys but to have our Prosecuting Attorney at the recount to answer any of their legal questions. He said not to turn the computer off until after the recount.
He advised Lisa and I on how to post a "cheat sheet" on the wall so that only the board members and staff would know about it and and what the codes meant so the count would come out perfect and we wouldn't have to do a full hand recount of the county. He left about 5:00 PM.
My faith in Tri Ad and the Xenia staff has been nothing but good. The realization that this company and staff would do anything to dishonor or disrupt the voting process is distressing to me and hard to believe. I'm being completely objective about the above statements and the reason I'm bringing this forward is to, hopefully, rule out any wrongdoing.
Further buttressing Eaton’s claim is an addendum to a previous affidavit filed by Evelyn Roberson who, you may recall, was involved in the Greene County recount action that was summarily shut down by Ohio Secretary of State Blackwell. Her addendum reads as follows:
Addendum to Declaration of Evelyn Roberson dated
December 12, 2004
Re: Incidents of December 10, 2004
This is to add to the approximately 1 :15 p.m. portion of the visit with the Deputy Director of Elections Lyn McCoy with respect to the following comment:
"She said they would have their computer technician check over their computers on Monday in case they has been tampered with."
the addition is that Lyn McCoy also mentioned to me at the same time that her computer technician was with Triad.
I declare under penalty of perjury the forgoing is true and correct.
Dated: December 14, 2004
Original versions of these documents should be available later on Wednesday on the website of Rep. Conyers.
Conyers, upon hearing these allegations, sent a letter to both the FBI Special Agent in Charge in Ohio and the Hocking County Prosecutor. The text of that letter is as follows:
December 15, 2004
As part of the Democratic staff's investigation into irregularities in the 2004 election and following up on a lead provided to me by Green Party Presidential Candidate, David Cobb, I have learned that Sherole Eaton, a Deputy Director of Board of Elections in Hocking County, Ohio, has first hand knowledge of inappropriate and likely illegal election tampering in the Ohio presidential election in violation of federal and state law.
I have information that similar actions of this nature may be occurring in other counties in Ohio. I am therefore asking that you immediately investigate this alleged misconduct and that, among other things, you consider the immediate impoundment of election machinery to prevent any further tampering.
On December 13, my staff met with Ms. Eaton who explained to them that last Friday, December 10, Michael Barbian, Jr., a representative of Triad GSI unilaterally sought and obtained access to the voting machinery and records in Hocking County, Ohio, modified the computer tabulator, learned which precinct was planned to be the subject of the initial test recount and made further alterations based on that information, and advised the election officials how to manipulate the machinery so that the preliminary hand recount matched the machine count. Ms. Eaton first relayed this information to Green Party representatives, and then completed, signed and notarized an affidavit describing this course of events, a copy of which is attached.
The Triad official sought access to the voting machinery based on the apparent pretext that he wanted to review some "legal questions" the officials might receive as part of the recount process. At several times during this visit, Mr. Barbian telephoned into Triad's offices to obtain programming information relating to the machinery and the precinct in question. I have subsequently learned that Triad officials have been, or are in the process of intervening in several other counties in Ohio - Greene and Monroe, and perhaps others (see attached).
There are several important considerations you should be aware of with respect to this matter. First, this course of conduct would appear to violate several provisions of federal law, in addition to the constitutional guarantees of equal protection and due process. 42 U.S.C. §1973 provides for criminal penalties against any person who, in any election for federal office, "knowingly and willfully deprives, defrauds, or attempts to defraud the residents of a State of a fair and impartially conducted election process, by . . . the procurement, casting, or tabulation of ballots that are known by the person to be materially false, fictitious, or fraudulent under the laws of the State in which the election is held." 42 U.S.C. § 1974 also requires the retention and preservation, for a period of twenty-two months from the date of a federal election, of all voting records and papers and makes it a felony for any person to "willfully steal, destroy, conceal, mutilate, or alter" any such record. Further, any tampering with ballots and/or election machinery would violate the constitutional rights of all citizens to vote and have their votes properly counted, as guaranteed by the Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
Second, the course of conduct would also appear to violate several provisions of Ohio law. No less than 4 provisions of the Ohio Revised Code make it a felony to tamper with or destroy election records or machines.1 Clearly, modifying election equipment in order to make sure that the hand count matches the machine count would appear to fall within these proscriptions.
Moreover, bringing in Triad officials into other Ohio Counties would also appear to violate Ohio Revised Code § 3505.32 which provides that during a period of official canvassing, all interaction with ballots must be "in the presence of all of the members of the board and any other persons who are entitled to witness the official canvass," given that last Friday, the Ohio Secretary of State has issued orders to the effect that election officials are to treat all election materials as if they were in a period of canvassing,2 and that "Teams of one Democrat and one Republican must be present with ballots at all times of processing."
Third, it is important to recognize that the companies implicated in the wrongdoing, Triad and its affiliates, are the leading suppliers of voting machines involving the counting of paper ballots and punch cards in the critical states of Ohio and Florida. Triad is controlled by the Rapp family, and its founder Tod A. Rapp has been a consistent contributor to Republican causes.4 A Triad affiliate, Psephos corporation, supplied the notorious butterfly ballot used in Palm Beach County, Florida, in the 2000 presidential election.
John Conyers, Jr.
cc: The Honorable F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr.
The New York Times published a report on the matter late Tuesday night:
Go to Original
Lawmaker Seeks Inquiry Into Ohio Vote
By Tom Zeller Jr.
The New York Times
Wednesday 15 December 2004
The ranking Democratic member of the House Judiciary Committee, Representative John Conyers Jr. of Michigan, plans to ask the Federal Bureau of Investigation and a county prosecutor in Ohio today to explore "inappropriate and likely illegal election tampering" in at least one and perhaps several Ohio counties.
The request for an investigation, made in a letter that was also provided to The New York Times, includes accounts from at least two county employees, but is based largely on a sworn affidavit provided by the Hocking County deputy director of elections, Sherole Eaton.
Among other things, Ms. Eaton says in her affidavit that a representative of Triad Governmental Systems, the Ohio firm that created and maintains the vote-counting software in dozens of Ohio counties, made several adjustments to the Hocking County tabulator last Friday, in advance of the state's recount, which is taking place this week.
Ohio recount rules require that only 3 percent of a county's votes be tallied by hand, and typically one or more whole precincts are selected and combined to get the 3 percent sample. After the hand count, the sample is fed into the tabulator. If there is no discrepancy, the remaining ballots can be counted by the machine. Otherwise, a hand recount must be done for the whole county.
Ms. Eaton contends that the Triad employee asked which precinct Hocking County planned to count as its representative 3 percent, and, upon being told, made further adjustments to the machine.
County officials decided to use a different precinct when the recount was done yesterday. No discrepancies were found.
"This is pretty outrageous," Mr. Conyers said. "We want to pursue it as vigorously as we can."
But Brett Rapp, the president of Triad, said that although it would be unusual for an employee to ask about a specific precinct, preparing the machines for a recount was standard procedure and was done in all 41 counties where Triad handles vote counts. He added that he welcomed any investigation.
"I've been doing this since 1985, and in all my experience this is the first time that we have had any complaints whatsoever," Mr. Rapp said.
William Rivers Pitt is a New York Times and international bestseller of two books - 'War on Iraq: What Team Bush Doesn't Want You To Know' and 'The Greatest Sedition is Silence.'